There are beauty products for every part of our body. They have become an integral part of our life and we find it hard to live without them. Saying this, we are giving the highest priority to these products, but how safe are they?
Here are 6 reasons why you must know the ingredients present in your beauty products and why the brands must list them on their products.
Reason #1: You need to know what you are using
Though this reason is the simplest and most logical, this is often overlooked and even ignored. I often see this happening in beauty products, where the user/consumer are steadily using so many products without the ingredients list mentioned.
This might prove fatal as the culmination of certain ingredients like Parabens may be ingested or absorbed in fatal quantities.
Reason #2: To Make Informed Decisions
It is entirely up to you to choose or not to choose a product with questionable ingredients. In order to do this, you need the ingredient list.
Reason #3: The Product Might Contain Parabens and Heavy Metals
According to a study on the use of heavy metals in the cosmetic industry, in Jan 2014, the Pollution Monitoring Lab (PML) at India’s Centre for Science and Environment (CSE). They tested 73 cosmetic products tested from four different categories and the results were shocking!
It was found that excessive levels of hazardous heavy metals including Mercury, were found in half of the products tested.
- Mercury was found in 44% of the fairness creams tested, with concentrations ranging from 0.10 parts per million (ppm) to 1.97 ppm.
- Chromium was found in 50% of the lipsticks tested, in the range of 0.45 ppm to 17.83 ppm.
- Nickel was found in 43% of the lipsticks tested, in the range of 0.57 to 9.18 ppm.
- Heavy metals were not found in anti-aging creams and lip balms.
- Lead and Cadmium were not found in lipsticks.
Reason #4: It is the Law
Following are some of the labeling requirements as laid down under the Drugs and Cosmetics Rules, 1945:
- Name of the product along with the manufacturing address must be mentioned on the inner as well as the outer labels. If the container is small in size, then the principal place of manufacturing and the pin code are enough.
- The outer label should clearly specify the net contents of the ingredients used in the manufacture of the product.
- The inner label should contain the ‘directions for use’ along with any warning or caution that may be necessary. It should also contain names and quantities of ingredients, which are hazardous in nature.
- A distinctive batch number preceded by letter ‘B’ along with manufacturing license number preceded by letter ‘M’ must be mentioned on the label.
What if the rules are not followed by brands?
The Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 is a punitive Act. If any of the provisions or rules under the Act with respect to Cosmetics is/are not complied with, imprisonment up to one year or fine up to Rs. 1000 or both can be imposed on first conviction and on subsequent convictions, imprisonment can be extended to two years and fine up to Rs. 2000.
Prior to 1962, there was no regulation to manufacture cosmetics in India. The Government of India amended the Drugs Act 1940 by bringing the cosmetics also within the purview of the Act and the title of the Act was changed to the Drugs and Cosmetics Act.
Reason #5: Your Health Matters
Certain ingredients like Parabens initially claimed to be present in the samples of cancerous breast tissue. However, according to latest research/news, Parabens are easily absorbed by our body and is flushed out. It’s still uncertain whether they pose any long-term health risks. Well, this uncertainty could cost your life and/or even your breasts.
And, according to some scientists in Geneva, the Aluminum salts found predominantly in deodorants, causes breast cancer and long term exposure can cause tumors to develop and spread.
Reason #6: How much Parabens is too much?
After a study in 2005, FDA concluded that Parabens up to 25 percent is deemed safe. However, if you are using multiple products that contain Parabens, then this level can be easily exceeded.
Reason #7: Identifying Allergy Causing Ingredients
You might be allergic to certain products. When you are allergic to a specific drug, you mention it to your doctor and he makes sure that you are not prescribed it again. This is possible only if you are aware of the drug name. Similarly, to identify the source of the allergic reaction is by knowing the ingredients. This way you can conclude the cause of the allergic reaction and avoid future occurrences.
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